Servlet, Hibernate, jQuery and Ajax based google like chat

Servlet, Hibernate, jQuery and Ajax based google like chat with source code

Hi, In this article, my aim is to create an application which uses the concept of Hibernate in Servlet with Ajax support of Jquery.
Below figure can give you the idea of final look and feel of the complete application:

Servlet, Hibernate, jQuery and Ajax based google like chat
Servlet, Hibernate, jQuery and Ajax based google like chat

Here I am using the MySQL Database for saving the messages entered by the users:
Copy below code to create the table in database named “test”.

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `test`.`chatmessage`;
CREATE TABLE  `test`.`chatmessage` (
`Id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`Message` varchar(4000) NOT NULL,
`userName` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
`MsgTime` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
`colorSelected` varchar(45) NOT NULL,

Now, start with the hibernate part of the code.
Create the POJO (Plain Old Java Object), which mapps the table “chatmessage” to the object in our application.

package com.G2.pojo;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

public class ChatMessage {
	private String Message;
	private String userName;
	private String MsgTime;
	private Long Id;
	private String colorSelected;

	public String getColorSelected() {
		return colorSelected;

	public void setColorSelected(String colorSelected) {
		this.colorSelected = colorSelected;

	public String getMessage() {
		return Message;

	public void setMessage(String message) {
		Message = message;

	public String getUserName() {
		return userName;

	public void setUserName(String userName) {
		this.userName = userName;

	public Long getId() {
		return Id;

	public void setId(Long id) {
		Id = id;

	public String getMsgTime() {
		DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss");
		Date date = new Date();
		return dateFormat.format(date);

	public void setMsgTime(String msgTime) {
		MsgTime = msgTime;

After creating the POJO class, create the hibernate configuration file, from which the application will come to know that how to map the table’s column from database to the class members, database name and so on. The hibernate configuration file name must be “hibernate.cfg.xml“ and it should reside at the root of source code.
Code of hibernate.cfg.xml:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"

<session-factory name="java:hibernate/SessionFactory">
      <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class"> com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.url"> jdbc:mysql://localhost/test</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.username"> username</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.password"> pwd</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.pool_size"> 10</property>
      <property name="show_sql"> true</property>
      <property name="dialect"> org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
      <property name=""> update</property>
      <!-- Mapping files -->
      <mapping resource="ChatMessage.hbm.xml"/>

To keep the code simple, normally I add different configurations for different classes in hibernate.
What is the need of dialect in hibernate:
Databases implement subtle differences in the SQL they use. Things such as data types for example vary across databases Or database specific functionality – selecting the top n rows is different depending on the database. The dialect abstracts this so you don’t have to worry about it. In short the dialect property internally creates the highly optimized query for underlying database.
Here also, as you can see, I have included file ChatMessage.hbm.xml file.
Code of ChatMessage.hbm.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"

<hibernate-mapping default-lazy="false">
	<class name="com.G2.pojo.ChatMessage" table="chatmessage">
		<id name="id" type="long" column="Id">
			<generator class="identity" />
		<property name="Message">
			<column name="Message" />
		<property name="userName">
			<column name="userName" />
		<property name="MsgTime">
			<column name="MsgTime" />
		<property name="colorSelected">
			<column name="colorSelected" />

UI Part of the application:
For the UI, I have written lots of css classes, this is not possible to write complete code here. Please check the code from download link provided at the bottom of the article.
UI of the chat window is created to give the feel of the Gmail chat application as shown in below image:

Gmail like chat window with emoticons
Gmail like chat window with emoticons

Here, find the javascript code, which is responsible to send the AJAX request to the servlet, and getting back the response code:

<script type="text/javascript">
	var uEnteredName = prompt("Please Enter Your Name");

	function openEmot()
		var $ele = $("#emoticons");
		var visibility = $ele.css('display');

		if(visibility == 'none')

	function smileyCode(iconCode)
		var $msgEle = $("#msg");
		$msgEle.val($msgEle.val() + iconCode);
		var $ele = $("#emoticons");


	function saveChats() {
		var uName = $("#chat_Header").html();
		if (uName == '') {
			alert('Please enter your name ');
			return false;
		var msg = $("#msg").val();
		//var oldMsg = $("#chat-area").html();
		var colorCode = $('input[name=nameColor]:checked', '#send-message-area')

		$.ajax( {
					type : "POST",
					data : "uName=" + uName + "&msg=" + msg + "&colorCode="
							+ colorCode,
					url : "",
					error : function(xhr, ajaxOptions, thrownError) {
					success : function(data) {
						document .getElementById('chat-area').scrollTop = document .getElementById('chat-area').scrollHeight;
						document .getElementById('ChatAtBigScreen').scrollTop = document .getElementById('ChatAtBigScreen').scrollHeight;
		return false;
	$('#msg').keyup(function(e) {

		if (e.keyCode == 13) {

Utility class, responsible to save the chat in the database using hibernate:

package com.G2.Model;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.hibernate.Query;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;

import com.G2.pojo.ChatMessage;

public class DBManager {
      // Read Hibernate.cfg.xml
	static Configuration cf = new Configuration().configure();
	static SessionFactory factory = cf.buildSessionFactory();

	public static void saveChat(ChatMessage chat) {

		Session session = null;
		try {

			session = factory.openSession();
			Transaction tx = session.beginTransaction();;

		} catch (Exception e) {
		} finally {
			if (session != null) {
				// I faced problem here, if below line is not written then data automatically gets deleted after insertion

	public static List<ChatMessage> getMessages() {
		List<ChatMessage> MessageList = new ArrayList<ChatMessage>();
		Session session = null;
		try {
			session = factory.openSession();
			String SQL_QUERY = "from ChatMessage c";
			Query query = session.createQuery(SQL_QUERY);
			Iterator<ChatMessage> it = query.iterate();
			while (it.hasNext()) {
				ChatMessage c =;

		} catch (Exception e) {
		} finally {

		return MessageList;

As shown in above code, to work with hibernate, our application will need to read the configuration file of hibernate by below line of code:

static Configuration cf = new Configuration().configure();

Now, we will need to create the session object from the SessionFactory class:

static SessionFactory factory = cf.buildSessionFactory();
Session session = factory.openSession();

Create the object of transaction :

Transaction tx = session.beginTransaction();

To save the object in the database use save() method of the transaction.
To get the list of chat messages from the database :

String SQL_QUERY = "from ChatMessage c";
Query query = session.createQuery(SQL_QUERY);
Iterator<ChatMessage> it = query.iterate();

Here object of org.hibernate.Query is created and using method iterate(), it gives all the records from the database as a object. (That is what ORM – Object Relation Mapping)

Servlet Code:

package com.G2.servlets;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import com.G2.Model.DBManager;
import com.G2.pojo.ChatMessage;

public class ChatProcess extends HttpServlet {

	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		String uName = req.getParameter("uName");
		String msg = req.getParameter("msg");
		String colorCode = req.getParameter("colorCode");

		ChatMessage chat = new ChatMessage();

		PrintWriter out = resp.getWriter();
		List<ChatMessage> msgList = DBManager.getMessages();

		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

		for (ChatMessage chatMsg : msgList) {
			sb.append("<span style='background:#"
					+ chatMsg.getColorSelected() + "'>" + chatMsg.getUserName()
					+ "</span>" + chatMsg.getMessage() + "<br/><br/>");


	private String replaceEmoticons(String msg) {
		String imgTag = "<img src="../images/smiley/{PH}.gif">";
		String placeHolder = "{PH}";

		SmileyCodes smileyCode = new SmileyCodes();
		HashMap<String, String> codeMap = smileyCode.getSmileyMap();

		for (Object key: codeMap.keySet()) {
			String val = codeMap.get(key);
				msg = msg.replace(key.toString(), imgTag.replace(placeHolder,val));

		return msg;


This servlet class is called by the ajax code, and from here the message is saved using DBManager class.
Servlet mapping in web.config



Emoticon /Smiley part – XML Module:

As you can see in the servlet code,

SmileyCodes smileyCode = new SmileyCodes();

SmileyCodes class is responsible to render the symbol as a smiley. For the performance purpose, the smiley code is saved in xml file with corresponding image file name. Below class reads the xml and creates the HashMap (Only once).

package com.G2.servlets;

import java.util.HashMap;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

public class SmileyCodes {

	private static HashMap<String, String> smileyCodes = null;

	public static void main(String args[]) {
		new SmileyCodes().replaceCodeBySmiley();

	public HashMap<String, String> getSmileyMap() {
		if (smileyCodes == null) {
		return smileyCodes;


	private void replaceCodeBySmiley() {

		try {

			if (smileyCodes == null) {
				SmileyCodes testMain = new SmileyCodes();
				InputStream st = testMain.getClass().getResourceAsStream("/SmileyCode.xml");
				DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
				DocumentBuilder builder;

				smileyCodes = new HashMap<String, String>();
				builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
				Document doc = builder.parse(st);

				// Get Root Node and its child
				Node root = doc.getDocumentElement();
				NodeList childNodes = root.getChildNodes();

				for (int i = 0; i < childNodes.getLength(); i++) {

		} catch (ParserConfigurationException e) {
		} catch (SAXException e) {
		} catch (IOException e) {


	private void replaceCodeBySmiley(Node node) {

		if (node.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
			Element e = (Element) node;
			String[] keyVal = e.getTextContent().trim().split("#");
			smileyCodes.put(keyVal[0].trim(), keyVal[1].trim());

	private String nodeType(short type) {
		switch (type) {
		case Node.ELEMENT_NODE:
			return "Element";
			return "Document type";
		case Node.ENTITY_NODE:
			return "Entity";
			return "Entity reference";
		case Node.NOTATION_NODE:
			return "Notation";
		case Node.TEXT_NODE:
			return "Text";
		case Node.COMMENT_NODE:
			return "Comment";
			return "CDATA Section";
			return "Attribute";
			return "Attribute";
		return "Unidentified";


Download Complete code – JQuery Chat in Hibernate (Change extension from zip to rar )

Download 2 – JQueryChat


Following jar files will be needed:


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  • Hi,
    I got following error while running the above application-
    Exception in thread “main” java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/transaction/Synchronization


  • Hi,
    I got solution, i forget to include the jar file named “jta-1.1.jar”, java transaction API.

    Subodh Singh

  • Helen


    Thanks you have been shared this project but I can not open it into my eclipse helios or netbean 6.9.1.

    Please help me! Thanks

  • Hi Helen,
    The war file is created in Eclipse and i am able to import in my environment.

    Please try again.

  • Helen

    I have downloaded it, it has .zip extension,
    You have saided change extension from zip to rar. I have changed to rar and I have extracted it, but I can not open by Eclipse Helios or Netbean 6.9.1

    Please upload again to war file. Thanks!

    • Hi,
      Please get download 2 and rename for war file.

      Jitendra Zaa

  • Nayan

     Hi, i have downloaded the code, it really works …
    But it display all the chat message in the chatbox
    how can i modify it so that it works like facebook means one to one chatting….

    • JitendraZaa

      Hi Nayan,
      You will need to write a logic for that. May be something like before showing msg check the user Id of the logged in User, if he is intended user then only display chat.

    • Mohan Mv

      ya i need the same thing…can u explain the logic

  • Vishal

    Hi JitendraZaa,
    I have downloaded your project, but I dont know where to put all these jar files in my project ?

  • Mohan Mv

    error SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet [Chatprocess] in context with path [/ManjunathaSwamy] threw exception [Servlet execution threw an exception] with root cause

    org.hibernate.HibernateException: /hibernate.cfg.xml not found

    what should i do

  • nash deep

    i have problem “org.hibernate.mappingexception:unknown entity: com.c2.pojo.ChatMessage”..plz tell me how can i solve it