7IT41 COMPUPTER NETWORKS & INTERNET
Introduction: The use of computer networks, networks for companies, network for people, social issues. Network hardware. LAN’s, MAN’s, WAN’s, wireless networks, internetworks, network software, protocol hierarchies, design issues for layers, interfaces and services, connectionless oriented and connectionless services, service primitives, relationship of services to protocols, the OSI reference model, TCP/IP reference model, comparison of OSI and TCP/IP reference model, critique of OSI model & protocols, critique of TCP/IP reference model. Example networks – novel! Netware, ARPANET, NSFNET, the internet, SMDS, X.25 network, frame relay, network standardization – who’s who in the telecommunication world, who’s who in international standards world, who’s who in the internet standards world.
Physical Layer – The theoretical basis for data communication-Fourier analysis, bandwidth-limited signals, maximum data rate of a channel, transmission media-magnetic media, twisted pair coaxial cable, fiber optics. Wireless transmission, microwave transmission, infrared and millimeter waves, light wave transmission. Telephone system structure, politics of telephones, local loop, trunks and multiplexing, switching, narrowband ISDN – services, architecture, interface, perspective on N-ISDN, broadband ISDN & ATM-virtual circuits versus circuit switching, transmission in ATM
networks, ATM switches.
Data Link Layer – design issues – services provided to the network Layer, framing, error control, flow control, error correcting & detecting codes, elementary data link protocols, simplex stop and wait simplex protocol for noisy channel, sliding window protocols-one bit protocol, go back protocol, selective repeat protocol. The medium access sub layer – static and dynamic channel allocation in LANs and MANs, Multiple access protocols – ALOHA. CSIIA, collision free protocols, limited contention protocols, wavelength division multiple access protocols, wireless LAN protocols, IEEE Standards 802 for LAN and MANs-802.3 & Ethernet, token bus. token ring, comparison 802.6, 802.2.
The Network Layer – Design issues, services provided to the transport layer, internal organization, comparison of virtual circuit and datagram subnets, routing algorithms. Optimality principle, shortest path routing, flooding, flow-based routing, distance vector routing, link state routing, hierarchical routing, broadcast & multicast routing, congestion control algorithms, general principles prevention policies, traffic shaping. flow specifications, congestion control in virtual circuit subnets. choke packets, load shedding, jitter control, congestion control for multicasting. Internetworking – how networks differ, concatenated Virtual circuits, connectionless Internetworking tunneling. internetwork routing, fragmentation, firewalls, the Network layer in the internet – IP protocol, IP address. subnets, internet control protocols, OSPF. BGP,
Transport and Application Layer – services provided to the upper layer, Quality of Service, transport service primitives, elements of transport protocols, addressing, establishing a connection, releasing a connection, flow control & buffering, multiplexing, crash recovery, network security – traditional cryptography, fundamental principles, secret-key algorithms, public key algorithms, authentication protocols, digital signatures, social issues.
1.Computer Networks Third Edition by Andrew Tanenbaum (PHI Pub.)
1.Data. & Computer Communication, 5th Ed., by William Stallings (PHI Pub.)
2.Data & Network Communications by Michael A. Miller
3.Computer Networks & E-Commerce by Parag Diwan (Pentagaon Pub.)
7IT42 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Discrete time signals and systems, linearity, time variance, casuality, stability properties of LTI casual ystem, response of LTI systems to various inputs, convolution, sampling theorem.
Frequency domain description of signals & system. fourier transform of discrete time signals, properties of DFT, DFTS of typical discrete time signals.
The Z-transform, properties. ROCs relation with fourier transform. system function, inverse Z transform, solution of difference equation using unilateral Z-transform,
Digital filter design techniques design of FIR filters based on windows, design of IIR digital filters from analog filters.
Introduction to FFT algorithms decimation in time – FFT algorithms, decimation in frequency FFT algorithms. DCT.
1.Digital Signal Processing: Alen V.Oppenheim . W.Schaffer (PHI Pub
2.Digital Signal Processing: Proskies and Morialkies (PHI Pub.)
1.Theory and Application of Signal Processing by Rabiner & Gold (PHl Pub.)
2.Digital Filter Design and Analysis by Andreas Antoniou (TMH Pub.)
PRACTICALS based on above syllabus using MATLAB and TMS C320 C50.
7IT43 COMPUTER SYSTEM SECURITY
Introduction: attacks, services, mechanisms, security attacks, security services, a model for internet work security, encryption model, steganography, classical encryption techniques, modern techniques – simplified DES, block cipher principles, data encryption standard, strength of DES, differential & linear cryptanalysis, block cipher design principles, block cipher modes of operation, Algorithm – triple DES, international data encryption algorithm, blowfish, RCS, CAST, RC2, characteristics of advanced symmetric block ciphers.
Confidentiality using conventional encryption: placement of encryption function, traffic confidentiality, key distribution, random number generation. Public key cryptography: principles, RSA algorithm, key management, diffie-heliman key exchange, elliptic curve remainder theorem, discrete logarithms.
Message Authentication & hash functions: Authentication requirements, functions, codes, hash functions, security ofhash function & MACs. Hash & Mac algorithms: MD5 message digest algorithm, secure hash algorithm (SHA- I), RJPEMD- 160, HMAC digital signatures & authentication protocols: digital signatures, authentication protocols, digital
Networks security practice: authentication applications – kerberos. X.509 directory authentication service, kerberos encryption techniques, E-mail security: pretty Good privacy, S/MIME, data compression using ZIP Radix-64 conversion. PGP random number generation, IP security: overview, architecture, authentication header, encapsulating security payload, combining security associations, key management.
Web security: requirements, secure sockets layer & transport layer security, secure electronic transaction, networksmanagement security: basic concepts of SNMP, SNMPvI community facility, SNMPv3. System Security: Intruders, viruses and worms – intruders, viruses & related threats, Firewalls:
design principles, trusted systems.
Cryptography and networks security principles & practice 2/c by William Stalings (Pearson Education prentice Hall).
2. Networks security Essentials Applications & standards by William Stalings (Pearson Education, LPF).
1. Cryptography in C and C++ by Michael Welschenbach (A press IDG Books India).
2. Introduction to Data Compression 2/c by Khalid Sayood (Morgan kaufmann/Harcourt India).
7it44/2 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Introduction: AI problems, AI techniques, Defining problem as a state space representation, problem characteristics, production system characteristics. Heuristic search techniques: generate and test, hill climbing, best-first search, problem reduction, constraint satisfaction, means-ends analysis.
Knowledge Representation : Issues, predicate & Proposition resolution, representing knowledge using rules, frames & scripts, semantic networks, conceptual dependency, truth maintenance system.
Reasoning techniques: elementary search techniques- depth first search, breadth first search, forward & backward reasoning, winding unwinding, recursive & backtracking algorithm, uncertainty reasoning- probability theory, bayerian networks, certainty factors methods, basics of fuzzy logic, nonmonotonoc reasoning system.
Game playing: minimax search, alpha-beta cutoffs, planning-block world problems, STRIPS< hierarchical planning, nonlinear planning natural language processing- grammar & language, chomsky hierarchy, transformational grammar, case grammar, systemic grammar, semantic grammar, basic parsing technique, transition networks RTN, ATN, semantic analysis & representation structures, natural language generation.
Learning: block architecture of learning system,types of learning- rote learning, learning by taking advice, learning from example, learning by analogy, Expert system- rule base architechture, non production system architecture, expert system shell, knowledge acquisition, knowledge system building tools.
TEXT BOOK :
1. Artificial intelligence by E. Rich & K. Knight(TMH Pub)
REFERENCE BOOKS :
1. introduction to artificial intelligence & expert system by D. W. Ptterson(PHI Pub)
2. principles of artificial intelligence by Nilsson N.J. (Narosa Pub)
7IT45/2 MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS
Multimedia – definitions, CD-ROM and the multimedia highway. uses of multimedia, introduction to making multimedia, the stages
of project, requirements to make good multimedia, multimedia skills and training, the multimedia tea, training opportunities in
Multimedia hardware, macintosh and windows production platforms, hardware peripherals, connections, memory and storage
devices, input devices output hardware, communication devices, media software, basic tools, making instant multimedia authoring
Multimedia building blocks – text, sound. images, animation, video.
Assembleing and delivering a project, planning and costing. designing and producing, content and talent,
delivering. CD-ROM technology. DVD Tech.
Multimedia and Internet – History. web servers, web browsers, VRML, working on the web text, animation,
images and sound for the web, multimedia applications, media communication, media consumption, media
entertainment and multimedia games.
1.Multimedia Making Work, by Tay Vaughan (TMH), 3rd Ed.
1.Multimedia systems design by K. Andleigh, K. Thakkrar (PHi Pub.).
2.Multimedia: Computing, Communications & Applications
by Raif Stein Metz and Kiara Nahrstedt.
3.Advanced Multimedia Programming by Steve Rimmer (McGraw Hill Pub
4.Multimedia Literacy by Fred T. Hofstetter (McGraw Hill Pub.)
7IT44/1 OPERATIONS RESEARCH
Definitions, characteristics and limitations of O.R., phases of O.R., modelling in O.R., tool techniques of O.R., linear
programming, formulation, solution of L.P.P., graphical method, simplex method, duality in L.P.P.
Allocation models – Assignment models multiple optima, – prohibited assignment, transportation model, prohibited and
preferred routes, degeneracy.
Network analysis: Basic concept of network diagram, network construction, CPM, PERT, floats
in network analysis, cost analysis of project.
Queuing theory: Queuing process, components of queuing system, M/M/I(OO/FIFO) model, simulation, Monte Carlo
simulation, concept and application in various areas such as queuing system, network.
Maintenance and Replacement Problems: Models for routine maintenance and preventive maintenance decision,
replacement models that deteriorate with time and those fail completely.
1.Problems in Operation Research by P.K. Gupta & Man Mohan (Khanna Pub.)
2.Mathematical Models in Operation Research by .1K. Sharma (Macmillan Pub.)
1 introduction to Operation Research by Hiller & Liberman (Holden Day Inc., Sanfransico)
2.Operations Research by Kantiswaroop & Gupta (S.Chand Pub.)
3.Principles of Operation Research by Wagner (PHI Pub.)
4.Operations Research by Dr. B.S. God & S.K. Mittal (Pragati Prakashan)
7IT44/3 VLSI DESIGN
Switching algebra theorems, simplification of boolean functions using karnaugh maps, of combinational logic circuits,
fault detection and location in two level circuits, clock concept in fllpflops, shift registers.
Introduction to CMOS circuit, MOS Transistorv theory, CMOS processing technology, circuit characterization and
performance estimation, CMOS circuit and logic design.
Design of synchronous sequential machines using Mealy and Moore principles, minimization of state machines and their
standard for ms FPGA, PLA, PLA, PLG.
Introductory concepts of VHDL and Verilog language, HDL based programs for decoder, encoder, multiplexer, counters,
flipfiops, and finite state machines
Architecture of 8 bit and 16-bit processors namely 8085. 8086 Concepts of increasing the speed of processor,
architecture of other advanced processors, memory management, memory controllers. Introductory concepts of USB
AND PCI buses.
1.Principles of CMOS VLSI Design by Weste and Eshraghian (Addison-Wesley Pub.)
1.Digital logic and Computer Design by Morris Mano (PHI Pub.)
2.A VHDL Primer by Dr. Bhasker (Addison-Welsey Longman Pub.)
3.Verilog by Palnitkar.
4.VHDL by Nawabi (McGraw Hill Pub.)
5.VHDL by Perry.
6.Microprocessors Architecture Programming and Application with 8080/8085 by R.S.
Gaonkar (Wiley Eastern Pub.)
7.Microporcessors and Digital Systems by DV. Hall (TMH Pub.)