XML Tree Viewer using SAX Parser in JAVA with Jtree,JFileChooser component of Swing

XML Tree Viewer using SAX Parser in JAVA with Jtree,JFileChooser component of Swing, How to refresh Jtree when content changes , Expand or collapse JTree

I am going to create a utility application in JAVA for reading the XML document using SAX parser. The application will look like:

XML Tree Viewer using SAX Parser in JAVA
XML Tree Viewer using SAX Parser in JAVA

Input File :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
	<Movie Actor="Aamir Khan" Name="Lagaan" Type="BollyWood">
		This is node description for Movie Lagaan
	<Movie Actor="Aamir Khan" Name="Andaaz Apana Apna" Type="BollyWood" />
	<Movie Actor="Salman Khan" Name="Dabang" Type="BollyWood" />
	<Movie Actor="Salman Khan" Name="Wanted" Type="BollyWood" />
	<Movie Actor="AKshay Kumar" Name="Mujhse Shadi karoge" Type="BollyWood" />
		<jan> Yamla Pagala Deewana </jan>


package com.G2.SAX;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.io.File;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFileChooser;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JScrollPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.JTree;
import javax.swing.filechooser.FileFilter;
import javax.swing.filechooser.FileNameExtensionFilter;
import javax.swing.tree.DefaultMutableTreeNode;
import javax.swing.tree.DefaultTreeModel;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;

public class XMLTreeViewer extends DefaultHandler {

	private JTree xmlJTree;
	DefaultTreeModel treeModel;
	int lineCounter;
	DefaultMutableTreeNode base = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("XML Viewer");
	static XMLTreeViewer treeViewer = null;
	JTextField txtFile = null;

	public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String tagName, Attributes attr) throws SAXException {

		DefaultMutableTreeNode current = new DefaultMutableTreeNode(tagName);

		base = current;

		for (int i = 0; i < attr.getLength(); i++) {
			DefaultMutableTreeNode currentAtt = new DefaultMutableTreeNode(attr.getLocalName(i) + " = "
					+ attr.getValue(i));

	public void skippedEntity(String name) throws SAXException {
		System.out.println("Skipped Entity: '" + name + "'");

	public void startDocument() throws SAXException {
		 base = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("XML Viewer");
		((DefaultTreeModel) xmlJTree.getModel()).setRoot(base);

	public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length) throws SAXException {

		String s = new String(ch, start, length).trim();
		if (!s.equals("")) {
			DefaultMutableTreeNode current = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Descrioption : " + s);


	public void endElement(String namespaceURI, String localName, String qName) throws SAXException {

		base = (DefaultMutableTreeNode) base.getParent();

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		treeViewer = new XMLTreeViewer();
		// treeViewer.xmlSetUp();


	public void endDocument() throws SAXException {
		// Refresh JTree
		((DefaultTreeModel) xmlJTree.getModel()).reload();

	public void expandAll(JTree tree) {
		int row = 0;
		while (row < tree.getRowCount()) {

	public void xmlSetUp(File xmlFile) {
		try {
			SAXParserFactory fact = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
			SAXParser parser = fact.newSAXParser();
			parser.parse(xmlFile, this);

		} catch (Exception e) {


	public void createUI() {

		treeModel = new DefaultTreeModel(base);
		xmlJTree = new JTree(treeModel);
		JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(xmlJTree);

		JFrame windows = new JFrame();

		windows.setTitle("XML Tree Viewer using SAX Parser in JAVA");

		JPanel pnl = new JPanel();
		JLabel lbl = new JLabel("File :");
		txtFile = new JTextField("Selected File Name Here");
		JButton btn = new JButton("Select File");

		btn.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {
				JFileChooser fileopen = new JFileChooser();
				FileFilter filter = new FileNameExtensionFilter("xml files", "xml");

				int ret = fileopen.showDialog(null, "Open file");

				if (ret == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) {
					File file = fileopen.getSelectedFile();
					txtFile.setText(file.getPath() + File.separator + file.getName());

		lbl.setBounds(0, 0, 100, 30);
		txtFile.setBounds(110, 0, 250, 30);
		btn.setBounds(360, 0, 100, 30);
		scrollPane.setBounds(0, 50, 500, 600);




		windows.setSize(500, 700);
		windows.setDefaultCloseOperation( windows.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);


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  • Mike

    Thanks for this, one question…

    One problem with the application is the fact that it appends every XML file you open. What is the best way to refresh this so that only one XML file is displayed?

    • Hi Mike,
      I have overrided one more method startDocument() and there i am setting new root Node and in this way the Old nodes are detached. I have also added the JScrollpane to support the Scroll bars in the JTree.

      Jitendra Zaa

  • robert

    great example, thanks

  • hana

    thank you so much
    this is just what i looking for